Emacs, scripting and anything text oriented.

Optimize your FontAwesome

How to trim the FontAwesome JS for your website, using Emacs Lisp.
Kaushal Modi

This post briefly goes through the FontAwesome 5 setup, the problem statement and a solution for that.

I signed up for the FontAwesome 5 Pro Kickstarter, and I have to say that this is one of my few Kickstarter fundings that delivered really well!

    Thank you FontAwesome!

FontAwesome 5 Setup #

FontAwesome 5 supports an awesome new way of loading icons, using SVG with JS. The benefit is that you simply load one fontawesome-all.js file and everything just works!.

<head>
  <!--load everything-->
  <script defer src="/static/fontawesome/fontawesome-all.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
  <!--icon-->
  <i class="fas fa-user"></i>
</body>
Code Snippet 1: Fontawesome 5 Setup

Problem #

With FontAwesome 5 Pro, I get about 2700 icons packed in that fontawesome-all.js. While that is great, there are 2 issues:

  1. I don’t need all of those 2700 icons on my site. That file is roughly 1.7 MB (minified or not) which I need not unnecessarily load for all my visitors.
  2. Anyone can easily pirate the whole JS file and use it for free!

Solution #

The solution is simple — I just comment out all the lines with SVG code for the icons that I don’t use.

But searching for the icons I need in all the icon packs (Solid, Regular, Light, Brand) in that single 5k+ line JS file is not fun, especially when I want to add/remove icons occasionally.

And so fontawesome-choose was born!

  • I list the icons I need in fontawesome-choose-icons.
  • Run M-x fontawesome-choose in the fontawesome-all.js file buffer.

The code is in the next section, but you can also find the latest version in my repo.

Note that while I have used this on Fontawesome 5 Pro, it should work just as well on Fontawesome 5 Free too.

Code #

;; Helper function `fontawesome-choose' used to uncomment only the
;; icons the user cares about in `fontawesome-all.js'.

(defconst fontawesome-choose-icons '("list-alt" ;categories
                                     "tags"
                                     "rss"
                                     "link"
                                     "heart" ;like
                                     "reply"
                                     "retweet"
                                     "github" ;"github-alt" "github-square"
                                     "twitter" ;"twitter-square"
                                     "gitlab")
  "List of icons to choose from fontawesome-all.js.
Used in `fontawesome-choose'.")

(defun fontawesome-choose ()
  "Comment out all icons in fontawesome-all.js except the selected few.

Minifying the resultant .js will then remove the commented icons,
thus drastically reducing the minified JS size.

Set the `fontawesome-choose-icons' variable to the list of icons
that you want to keep uncommented."
  (interactive)
  (let ((case-fold-search nil)
        (count 0))
    (save-excursion
      (goto-char (point-min))
      (while (re-search-forward "^var icons" nil :noerror)
        (let ((begin (progn
                       (forward-line 1)
                       (point)))
              end)
          (re-search-forward "^\\};")
          (forward-line 0)
          (backward-char 1)
          (setq end (point))
          ;; First comment all the lines
          (save-excursion
            (narrow-to-region begin end)
            (goto-char (point-min))
            (while (re-search-forward "^\\s-*\\(\"\\)" nil :noerror)
              (replace-match "// \\1" nil nil nil 1))
            (widen))
          ;; Now uncomment only the selected icons
          (save-excursion
            (narrow-to-region begin end)
            (goto-char (point-min))
            (let* ((icon-regexp (regexp-opt fontawesome-choose-icons 'symbols))
                   (regexp (format "^\\s-*\\(//\\s-*\\)\"%s\":" icon-regexp)))
              (while (re-search-forward regexp nil :noerror)
                (replace-match "" nil nil nil 1)
                (setq count (1+ count))))
            (widen))))
      (message "fontawesome-choose: Uncommented %d icons matching %S"
               count fontawesome-choose-icons))))
Code Snippet 2: fontawesome-choose — Comment out all the FontAwesome icons you don't need

Result #

This solution solves the first problem wonderfully — After minification, fontawesome-all.js is just 71 KB (down from 1.7 MB).

That’s a 25x factor reduction! The minification step is important because that removes all the commented lines from the JS. I do the minification using tdewolff/minify.

The second problem, that of piracy, is difficult to solve completely using this. But whoever pirates this reduced FontAwesome from my site won’t get the real deal 😎.

Emacs-Lisp saves the day once again!


Versions used: fontawesome 5.0.8 Pro
     emacs , elisp , web
     FA5 , fontawesome , javascript , optimize , minified

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